Stylesheet for the Law & Society Review       

 Because of the Law & Society Review’s anonymous submission process, there are different requirements for manuscripts submitted for review and articles accepted for publication.


Manuscripts submitted for review

  1. The preferred electronic form is Adobe PDF; Word and WordPerfect are also acceptable.
  2. All materials must be included in a single file.
  3. All identifying information must be removed from title page.
  4. Any note(s) of acknowledgment should be omitted from manuscript.
  5. All references to the author’s own work that would identify the author must be changed (to third person references) or deleted.

 Accepted Manuscripts

  1. Article must be in Word or WordPerfect format.
  2. The full title page should be inserted.
  3. The “author’s note,” which includes contact information plus any acknowledgments and thanks that the author thinks necessary, should be inserted at the bottom of the title page.  Because this will ultimately appear at the bottom of the first page of the article as an unnumbered footnote, it should not be included as a footnote in the text of the manuscript.  Example:  The author wishes to thank the ABC Foundation for generous financial assistance and X, Y, and Z for their able editorial assistance.  Please direct all correspondence to [insert Author’s name, address, and email address].
  4. A brief (50-75 words) author’s biography at the end of the manuscript (after all textual materials, but before tables and figures); for mutli-authored manuscripts, the biography of each author should appear as a separate paragraph.

 The Manuscript in General

 The manuscript need not conform in every respect to this style sheet at the time of submission, although all manuscripts must include footnotes (if any) and a list of references.  Authors must revise accepted manuscripts, however, to conform to the Review’s style.

 The style rules for text generally conform to The Chicago Manual of Style, with a few significant exceptions, among them:  percentages are given as “98%,” not “98 percent;” numerals are used for quantities from 10 to 99 (rather than spelled out); two-letter ZIP abbreviations are used for states.  Other differences can be noted in the examples given below. The Review relies on Webster’s Tenth Collegiate Dictionary for spelling, hyphenation, and word division.

 General guideline on citing titles:  Use italics (not underlines) for titles and subtitles of published books, pamphlets, proceedings and collections, periodicals, and newspapers and sections of newspapers published separately (New York Times Book Review). 

For names of authors, use full first name rather than initials, unless the author customarily uses only initials.

 Style rules for the five basic components of a manuscript are:

  1.  ABSTRACT:  A single, brief paragraph (100 to 150 words) summarizing the principal findings of the article should follow the title page.  No abstract is required for review essays or comments.
  2.  TEXT:  All material (including footnotes and references) should be double-spaced with 1-inch margins.
  3.  FOOTNOTES:  Footnotes should be numbered sequentially.  They may be submitted as footnotes or endnotes, although articles appearing in the journal all use footnote form.  Notes should contain only the following:  substantive comments and additional references not immediately relevant to the text; references to material not generally accessible such as field interviews or correspondence with the author; local government correspondence, ordinances, and law reported in anthropological research; archival material.  Mere citations, regardless of number, should be incorporated into the text as shown below.  As described above, any “author’s note,” should be placed on the title page of the final, accepted manuscript; it should not be included as a footnote with the text of the manuscript.  The author’s note should be omitted from the draft submitted for review.  Examples of footnotes:

     For a discussion of social and political freedoms and their restraints, see Bay 1958; Oppenheim 1961:ch. 4.

     Interview with John Smith, Chief of Police, Buffalo, New York, 1 Jan. 1974.

     District Commissioner to the Chagga Appeal Court, Chagga Council File 3/16, Letter 208, 10 Dec. 1960.

  4. APPENDIXES:  Any appendixes or appendix tables giving detailed information on sample design, methodology, and the like should be printed before the References, tables, and charts.
  5.  TABLES & CHARTS/FIGURES:  Tables and figures should be included in the same electronic file as the main text, following the Reference list.  Appropriate location for them should be indicated in the text as follows:


Table 1 about here



Note, however, that placement of tables and figures in the Review itself may vary from the designated location because of page makeup requirements.

For figures, charts, and tables, do not use color, as the distinction between colors often is lost when the graphic is published in black & white.  The preferred font for graphics is Arial (or Helvetica). 

 For more information on preparing graphics, see the Web site of the Review’s publisher, Blackwell Publishing, at .


Text Citations


Do not use footnotes merely to refer to sources listed in the References.  Instead, immediately following the author’s name give in parentheses the year and the exact page number(s) referred to (if any); or following the statement the Reference supports, include the last name of the author(s), the year of publication, and the exact page number(s) referred to (if any).  For example:

One source: 

 Ross and Foley (1987:324) point out that new laws imposing harsh sanctions are often evaded.


 New laws imposing harsh sanction are often evaded (Ross & Foley 1987:324).

 Multiple sources:

New laws imposing harsh sanction are often evaded (Ross & Foley 1987:324; Stigler 1975).

 If you refer to more than one source by the same author published in the same year, differentiate as follows:

New laws imposing harsh sanction are often evaded (Ross & Foley 1987a:324; 1987b:75).

If the author’s name has already been mentioned in the text, insert reference in parentheses after the name.  For example:

 Peters (1986:445) describes some divorces as “no-fault.”

 For three or more authors, cite as follows:

 As Schwartz et al. (1975:239) have written …


 The theory is widely accepted…(see Schwartz et al. 1975).

 Newspaper Articles:         

 If you are referring to a news story with a byline, list the item in the References and refer to in text as you would any authored item. If you are citing a story without a byline, refer to as follows:

 …from the Niagara River (Buffalo Evening News, 1 March 1974, p. 2)


…according to the Manchester (N.H.) Union Leader (15 May 1974, p. 14)


 Web pages:

If no person is given as author, the owner of the site may stand in for author:

             A recent study of resolution comparison (Federation of American Scientists) . . .           


Government Reports and Documents:

 If no person is given as author, refer to by agency or department.

 Government data (U.S. Census Bureau 1999:237) …


 Cases should be cited in the text as follows:

             … in Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918) …


            … in the Commerce Clause (Hammer v. Dagenhart 1918) …

 The one exception to the above occurs when a citation to specific pages of a case is given at the end of a paragraph discussing the case.  Because the date is given in the “pinpoint” citation at the end, it should not be given in the text as well:

 Likewise, in United States v. Jones, a man in a car . . . .  [at end of paragraph] (1990:997-9).


 All statutes should be cited in the text as follows:

 Under the Labor Management Relations Act (1947) …


 There is renewed interest in the Commerce Clause (U.S. Const. art. I, sec. 8).


Reference List

 For items with two authors, separate the authors with an ampersand (&) rather than the word “and”; the second author should be listed by first name, middle initial, last name.  For items with three or more authors, list only the first author, followed by “et al.”

 Journal or Magazine Articles:

 Last Name, First Name (year) "Title of Article," volume number Journal page numbers of article. (Give month or issue number if each is separately paginated.)

 Padgett, John F. (1990) "Plea Bargaining in Prohibition," 24 Law & Society Rev. 413-50.

 Brill, Steven, & James Lyons (1986) "The Not-So-Simple Crisis," American Lawyer 12-15 (May).

 In journal titles, the words “Review” and “Journal” are normally abbreviated as “Rev.” and “J.” respectively.


 Last Name, First Name (year) Title of Book. City: Publisher.

 Lerner, Melvin J. (1980) Belief in a Just World. New York: Plenum.

 Shearing, Clifford D., & Philip C. Stenning, eds. (1987) Private Policing.  Beverly Hills, CA.  Sage Publications.

 Chapter in Edited Volume:

 Last Name, First Name (year) “Chapter title,” in editor’s first initial editor’s last name ed., Volume Title.  City, State:  Publisher.

 Glazer, Nathan (1979) "The Judiciary and Social Policy," in L. Theberge, ed., The Judiciary in a Democratic Society. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

 Edelman, Lauren B., & Stephen Patterson (1999) “Symbols and Substance in Organizational Response to Civil Rights Law,” in K. Leicht, ed., Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, vol. 17. Greenwich, CT:  JAI Press.

 Newspaper Articles:         

 List only those newspaper articles with a byline cited in the text by the author’s name:

 Royko, Mike (1990) “Next to Last Words from Slats,” Chicago Tribune, 9 Sept., sec. 1, p. 3.

 On-line Journals:

 Last Name, First Name (year) "Title of Article," volume number Journal article number, paragraph number [if available] (Month day), web address [url].

 Guth, Michael (1999) “An Expert System for Curtailing Electric Power,” 3 West Virginia J. of Law & Technology 2, paragraph 14 (Mar. 15), 

 Web pages:

 For online sources other than periodicals, include as much of the following as can be determined: author of the content by Last name, first name, year in parentheses (if the web page has a “posted date”), title of the page, title or owner of the site, Web address [url], date accessed.

 Jones, Marion (2000) “What to expect in law school,” Nearby University Law School, (accessed 21 December 2000).

 Smith, John (n.d.), “Rules for submitting your application,” Nearby University Law School, (accessed 30 May 2003).

 Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees (2000) “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach, “ Evanston Public Library, (accessed 18 July 2002).

 If no person or group is given as author, the owner of the site may stand in for author:

 Federation of American Scientists (2001) Resolution comparison:  Reading license plates and headlines,  (accessed 12 June 2003).

 Government Reports & Documents:

 If no person is given as author, refer to by agency or department.

 Institute/Department/Agency/Author [higher institution first if needed for identification] (year) Title of Work. Place of Publication:  publication office. Examples:

 National Institute of Mental Health (1982) Television and Behavior:  Ten Years of Scientific Progress.  DHHS Publication No. ADM 82-1195.  Washington, DC:  GPO.

 Donnelly, Warren H., & Barbara Rather (1976) International Proliferation of Nuclear Technology.  Report prepared for the Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.  94th Cong., 2d sess.  Committee Print 15.

 U.S. Bureau of the Census (1975) Median Gross Rent by Counties of the United States, 1970.  Prepared by the Geography Division in cooperation with the Housing Division, Bureau of the Census.  Washington, DC.

 U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs (1964) Background Material on Mutual Defense and Development Programs:  Fiscal Year 1965.  88th Cong., 2d sess.  Committee Print.

 U.S. Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations (1956) The Mutual Security Act of 1956.  84th Cong., 2d sess.  S. Rept. 2273.

 Conference or Meeting Papers:

 Last Name, First Name (year) “Title of Paper.”  Presented at Event, Place, date if available.

 Burstein, Paul (1987) “Race, Religion, Sex and National Origin:  Barriers to Mobility.”  Presented at Conference on Longitudinal Research on Trial Courts, State University of New York at Buffalo (9 Aug).

 Unpublished Papers:

 Last Name, First Name (year) “Title of Paper.”  Unpublished paper, Author’s Institution, Location, Place, date if available.

 Richardson, David (1987) “Lawyers and Doctors.”  Unpublished paper, Institute for Research on Legal Phenomena, New York (7 Oct.).

 Working Papers

 Last Name, First Name (year) “Title of Paper.”  Organization and Working Paper Series (including number if applicable), location of organization, date.

 Sarat, Austin, & William L. F. Felstiner (1986) “Legal Realism in Lawyer-Client Communications.”  American Bar Foundation Working Paper Series Paper # 8723, Chicago.


 Last Name, First Name (year) “Title of Dissertation.”  Degree level, Department or Field, University.

 Smith, James (1983) “The Legal Profession in Ghana.”  Ph.D. diss., Department of Sociology, Nearby University.


 All cases cited in text should be listed separately under “Cases Cited” following the References.  When the citation is not in parentheses, give the name in full; when in parentheses, abbreviate according to the style set forth in A Uniform System of Citation.  Some examples are:

 U.S. Supreme Court:

United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683 (1974).

 Federal Court of Appeals:

Environmental Defense Fund v. EPA, 465 F.2d 528 (D.C. Cir. 1972).

 State Courts:

 Roybal v. Martinez, 92 N.M. 630, 593 P.2d 71 (Ct. App. 1979).

 Schiffman v. Corsi, 182 Misc. 498, 50 N.Y.S.2d 897 (Sup. Ct. 1944).


 All statutes cited in text should be listed separately under “Statutes Cited” following the References and Cases Cited.  When not cited in parentheses, give the name in full; when in parentheses, abbreviate according to the style set forth in A Uniform System of Citation.  Some examples are:

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, 102 U.S.C. 4332 (1970).

 Parking Authority Law, Pa. Stat. Ann. tit. 53, 342 (Purdon 1974 & Supp. 1985).


Materials not covered here:

 Provide sufficient information to enable others to locate your sources.

 Last revised: April 11, 2005